In some cases of periodontal disease, surgery may be necessary to bring the gums back to optimal health. There are various types of surgery, which range from reducing excess gum tissue to covering areas of recession.
These surgeries make it easier for the patient to keep the area clean, prevent further disease, and often improve the aesthetics of a patient’s smile. Dr. Ghazi will work with you to diagnose the problem, educate you on which factors are contributing to the disease, and formulate a treatment plan that will best address your gum-related issues.
Your gums may have receded for a variety of reasons, including aggressive tooth brushing or periodontal disease. You may not be in control of what caused the recession, but prior to treatment, we can help you identify the factors that have contributed to the problem.
Gum grafting will cover the exposed roots to protect them from decay, help reduce tooth sensitivity, and improve the aesthetics of your smile. Whether you have a gum graft to improve function or aesthetics, you’ll probably receive the benefits of a beautiful new smile and improved periodontal health: your keys to smiling, eating, and speaking with comfort and confidence.
Gum recession is caused by advanced gum disease. When gingivitis goes untreated, gum disease (also called periodontitis) will cause gums to pull away from the teeth, and leave deep pockets where bacteria can grow and damage the bone that supports the teeth.
Gums can also shrink back from the teeth, which makes the teeth look longer. Teeth may then become loose, fall out, or have to be pulled by a dentist.
Do you have gum recession?
Gum recession does not happen overnight. You may not even notice that your gums have receded, because it is a very slow, gradual process.
However, without a gum tissue graft, recession can have a detrimental effect on the health and function of your teeth. If a dentist has diagnosed you with gingivitis or periodontal disease, it is important to notice if:
- You have sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, or even to sweet, spicy, or sour foods
- Your teeth appear longer than normal
- Spaces between your teeth seem to grow
- The roots of your teeth begin to show
Gum Tissue Grafting
When you come to our office for your grafting procedure, a local anesthetic will be given to numb the areas involved. You may also receive medicine to help you relax. We want your experience in our office to be as comfortable as possible, so you should let us know if there is anything you need during your procedure.
Depending on your specific needs, Dr. Ghazi will perform one of three different types of gum tissue grafts.
- Connective tissue grafts: The most common method to treat root exposure, connective tissue grafting involves a periodontist cutting a flap of skin on the roof of your mouth (or palate) and removing tissue from under the flap, called sub-epithelial connective tissue. This tissue is then stitched to the gum tissue surrounding the exposed root. After the connective tissue, or graft, has been removed from under the flap, the flap is then stitched back down.
- Free gingival grafts: Similar to a connective tissue grafting, a free gingival graft involves the use of tissue from the roof of the mouth. But instead of making a flap and removing tissue under the top layer of flesh, a small amount of tissue is removed directly from the roof of the mouth and then attached to the gum area being treated. This method is used most often in people who have thin gums to begin with and need additional tissue to enlarge the gums.
- Pedicle grafts: In this procedure, instead of taking tissue from the palate, it is grafted from gum around or near the tooth needing repair. The flap, called a pedicle, is only partially cut away so one edge remains attached. The gum is then pulled over or down to cover the exposed root and sewn into place. This procedure can only be done if you have plenty of gum tissue near the tooth.
Many factors will contribute to your chosen grafting technique. Dr. Ghazi can tell you which method will work best for you, your health, and your smile.