Kidney Function and Gum Disease: New Study

Swollen, red, and tender gums, mobile teeth, bad breath, tooth loss: Do these symptoms sound familiar? Periodontal disease, also known as a later and more harmful form of gum disease, is a commonly reported disease as approximately 47.2% of adults over the age of 30 years in the United States have some degree of periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease which has been linked to many other systemic diseases, for instance, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, diabetes, and much more. Earlier research has even showed a link between gum disease and chronic kidney disease. Studies have suggested that gum inflammation can lead to worsened kidney function.

The Oral Microbiome: A New Culture of Health & Well-being | by Bonnie Feldman | Medium

A new study conducted by researchers at the University of Birmingham evaluated the connection between periodontal inflammation and kidney function. They analyzed more than 700 patients with chronic kidney disease and found that simply a 10% increase in gum inflammation lowers kidney function by 3%! They found that the increase in gum inflammation also increases the risk of kidney failure from 32%-34% over a 5 year period. The study also reported that a 10% reduction in kidney function increases periodontal inflammation by 25%.

The researchers reported that the link between periodontal disease and kidney function was a result of oxidative stress, which is a biological process where the body’s tissues become damaged due to an improper amount of oxygen reactive species (ROS) and antioxidants in the body. This is groundbreaking research because, "This is the first paper to quantify the casual effect of periodontitis on kidney function and vice-versa as well as the first to elucidate the pathways involved…It showed that even a modest reduction in gum inflammation can benefit renal function. Given the relative ease of achieving a 10% reduction in gum inflammation, through simple measures like correct brushing techniques and cleaning between the teeth, these results are very interesting,” according to lead study author, Dr Praveen Sharma.

As more research continues to be done pertaining to kidney function and periodontal disease, it will be exciting to see how improvement in oral health can help improve the overall health of individuals.

This pandemic has impacted us all, but our community is indeed all stronger together. Our team at WDG always has your safety and health as our top priority, and we have implemented additional safety measures and equipment to help prevent the transmission of all infections, including COVID-19. Wellesley Dental Group has completely reopened since June 8th, 2020 for all dental procedures and cleanings! Thank you for entrusting your health and dental care to us at Wellesley Dental Group.

Feel free to contact Drs. Ali & Ali and the caring team at Wellesley Dental Group if you have any thoughts or concerns; they will be happy to answer your questions! Contact us today at 781-237-9071 or to set up an appointment.

Your little ones and teens are welcome to visit our pediatric dentist, Dr. Derek, and Dr. Emad is happy to help with your TMJ and orthodontic needs. For wisdom teeth extractions or any other oral surgery needs, Dr. Stephens would love to help, and our gum-specialist Dr. Singh can help with your gum-related concerns.


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