National Institutes of Health

What are Those Bumps in my Mouth?

June 7th, 2021

Some people may notice hard bumps when sliding their tongue around the floor of their mouth and/or at the roof of their mouth. Wondering what these are? These bumps are most likely dental tori, which are harmless bony projections that are covered by your gums. Yet, if you are experiencing any pain or detect any areas in your mouth that concern you be sure to let your dentist know to determine the correct diagnosis. Most people live with dental tori for a long time and never notice, until perhaps their dentist informs them.

The bony growths located on the lower jaw are termed mandibular tori, while the ones located on the roof of the mouth are called palatal tori. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) states that 27 out of every 1,000 individuals have tori. To put this into perspective with percentages, the Cleveland Clinic reports that approximately 6% of Americans have mandibular tori, while approximately 20% of Americans have palatal tori. Some people may even notice these bumps located on the upper or lower jaw facing their cheeks, called buccal exostoses.

Individuals can have one bump (torus), or multiple, and they can vary in shape. They can also be found on one side of the jaw or on both sides. Sometimes these bony projections can grow larger slowly overtime.

Dental tori may be a result of many factors, including genetics, age, gender, trauma, or nutritional deficiencies for instance. Tori don't typically cause any trouble, so treatment is often not recommended by dental professionals in many cases. However, if the tori are causing interferences, such as with daily eating or speaking, treatment may be needed. In addition, the tori may be recommended to be removed if they interfere with dental prostheses such as braces or dentures. If tori removal is suggested by your dental professional, typically a maxillofacial surgeon will surgically remove them.

Practicing good oral habits including toothbrushing, flossing, and rinsing with antibacterial mouth rinse can help keep your tori and mouth overall healthy. 

This pandemic has impacted us all, but our community is indeed all stronger together. Our team at WDG always has your safety and health as our top priority, and we have implemented additional safety measures and equipment to help prevent the transmission of all infections, including COVID-19. Wellesley Dental Group has completely reopened since June 8th, 2020 for all dental procedures and cleanings! Thank you for entrusting your health and dental care to us at Wellesley Dental Group.

Feel free to contact Drs. Ali & Ali and the caring team at Wellesley Dental Group if you have any thoughts or concerns; they will be happy to answer your questions! Contact us today at 781-237-9071 or smile@wellesleydentalgroup.com to set up an appointment.

Your little ones and teens are welcome to visit our pediatric dentist, Dr. Bahar Houshman and Dr. Marisa Reason is happy to help with your TMJ and orthodontic needs. For wisdom teeth extractions or any other oral surgery needs, Dr. Reisman would love to help, and our gum-specialist Dr. Singh can help with your gum-related concerns.

References:

https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/mouth-and-teeth-anatomy/what-are-mandibular-tori

https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/threats-to-dental-health/torus-mandibularis-what-you-need-to-know

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.amjmed.com%2Farticle%2FS0002-9343(17)30494-1%2Fabstract&psig=AOvVaw1sLkqGxkZTa9uTbpf6YnWe&ust=1623193581176000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CAIQjRxqFwoTCIjxqsHRhvECFQAAAAAdAAAAABAd

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fusantini.com%2Fhow-to-downsize-for-a-brooklyn-move%2F&psig=AOvVaw0z5DBMyoCSwB_al4-HMxLc&ust=1623193770321000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CAIQjRxqFwoTCPDH35bShvECFQAAAAAdAAAAABBr

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fhealthjade.net%2Ftorus-palatinus%2F&psig=AOvVaw2oajgZyihaKuPs8MO2b0co&ust=1623203753594000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CAIQjRxqFwoTCIiB36v3hvECFQAAAAAdAAAAABA_

The Latest News on a COVID-19 Vaccine

August 5th, 2020

A new day brings new research! In times like these, we all are ready to resume some sense of normalcy. Currently, the best way to prevent sickness is to avoid exposure to the virus, which is mostly spread from person-to-person contact. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that everyone should continue washing their hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, practice social distancing keeping a distance of at least 6 feet from others, wear a face covering, continuously clean and disinfect surfaces, and monitor your health daily.

Although there is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19, researchers across the globe are racing to produce a safe and effective vaccine to beat the virus. To date, there are currently 18,699,432 confirmed cases worldwide, with approximately 704,324 deaths reported. At the end of June, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that AstraZeneca, a global biopharmaceutical organization, in collaboration with Oxford University, along with the United States based pharmaceutical company Moderna Inc., were leading the way with an experimental Covid-19 vaccine. AstraZeneca and Oxford University are currently in Phase 3 of human trials and plan to release results this October.

More recently, on July 30th the company Johnson & Johnson began conducting human safety trials of a COVID-19 vaccine after exhibiting positive results from the vaccine when tested on monkeys. The study was published in the science journal Nature. They found that out of 6 monkeys tested with a single dose of the COVID-19 vaccine candidate, all 6 were protected from lung disease and 5 were protected from COVID-19. Dr. Dan Barouch, a virologist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston and a co-author of the new study mentioned, “It’s a very reassuring level of protection we saw.” Now it is the goal of Dr. Paul Stoffels, Johnson & Johnson’s chief scientific officer, to see whether or not these results will prove to have the same protective effect on humans. Johnson & Johnson plans to test the vaccine on 1,000 healthy individuals ranging in age from 18 to 55 years and 65 years and older. Their aiming to enter Phase 3 testing giving a single-shot to a greater portion of the population beginning in mid-September, while also studying the effectiveness of a two-shot COVID-19 vaccine.

But, this isn’t the only study going on! It is one of over 30 human trials for a COVID-19 vaccine across the globe. Two days prior to when Johnson & Johnson’s study was published, a comparable study from Moderna Inc. and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) was published. However, their vaccines function in battling COVID-19 differently. Moderna’s vaccine candidate sends genetic messenger RNA into cells, which results in the creation of a coronavirus spike protein, which is hypothesized to initiate the body’s immune response. Moderna Inc. is expected to begin Phase 3 trials during this first week of August. On the other hand, Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine candidate uses a modified version of a common cold virus, adenovirus type 26, to bring the coronavirus spike protein into the body to initiate an immune response.

Plus, scientists are also enthusiastic about Novavax’s vaccine candidate in Maryland. In one study, the company found that their vaccine provided protection against coronavirus infections in monkeys. In addition, another study found that 56 volunteer participants had antibodies against the virus and did not have any dangerous side effects. As Novavax continues with Phase 1 trials, they hope to produce 100 million doses of the vaccine by the start of 2021 if the vaccine is proven to be safe and effective.

This pandemic has impacted us all, but our community is indeed all stronger together. Our team at WDG always has your safety and health as our top priority, and we have implemented additional safety measures and equipment to help prevent the transmission of all infections, including COVID-19. Wellesley Dental Group has completely reopened since June 8th, 2020 for all dental procedures and cleanings! Thank you for entrusting your health and dental care to us at Wellesley Dental Group.

Feel free to contact Drs. Ali & Ali and the caring team at Wellesley Dental Group if you have any thoughts or concerns; they will be happy to answer your questions! Contact us today at 781-237-9071 or smile@wellesleydentalgroup.com to set up an appointment.

Your little ones and teens are welcome to visit our pediatric dentist, Dr. Derek, and Dr. Emad is happy to help with your TMJ and orthodontic needs. For wisdom teeth extractions or any other oral surgery needs, Dr. Stephens would love to help, and our gum-specialist Dr. Singh can help with your gum-related concerns.

References:

https://decisionsindentistry.com/2020/07/jj-begins-human-trials-of-its-one-dose-covid-19-vaccine/?inf_contact_key=4c127a488872b6b59f88388fe4b5590e7e470d92b8b75168d98a0b8cac0e9c09

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/30/health/covid-19-vaccine-monkeys.html

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/prevention.html

https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-who-development/astrazeneca-moderna-ahead-in-covid-19-vaccine-race-who-idUSKBN23X1WA

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/04/health/covid-19-vaccine-novavax.html

https://images.theconversation.com/files/341551/original/file-20200612-153812-ws3rqu.jpg?ixlib=rb-1.1.0&q=45&auto=format&w=754&fit=clip

How Can Vitamin K2 Help My Health?

December 11th, 2019

As we approach the holidays, our hearts and tummies begin to prepare for the tasty meals enjoyed with loved ones. There are a lot of vitamins and minerals that exist in the foods we eat that are beneficial, and sometimes even essential for our body to function properly. Many of us have been told that milk builds strong bones due to calcium and vitamin D, which work together to help maintain your teeth and bones. But what about the less popular vitamins, such as vitamin K2? Check out how vitamin K2 may provide benefits for your general and dental health:

First, what exactly is Vitamin K? Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that is considered an essential nutrient necessary for blood clotting, calcium metabolism, bone health, and cardiovascular health. If your body is lacking vitamin K, your body's normal healing process may be impaired and you may be more likely to bleed.

Vitamin K has two main forms, K1 and K2. Vitamin K1 can be found in plant foods such as leafy greens and is made from the compound phylloquinone. On the other hand, vitamin K2 is found in animal and fermented foods, and from the normal bacteria within our human digestive system. Vitamin K2 is made from menaquinones. Not as popular in the Western diet, vitamin K2 can be found in Natto, a fermented soybean paste that is common in Japan, and in some cheeses. However, there is no recommendation for supplementation or daily intake of vitamin K2. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) describes vitamin K1 as the preferred form of the vitamin since it is less toxic, works faster, is stronger. However, vitamin K2 is also beneficial for our health for the reasons stated below.

Research suggests that vitamin K2 may protect your bones from osteoporosis and lower your risk of bone fractures. In addition, a research study published in Integrative Medicine: A Clinician's Journal found that vitamin K2 may contribute to keeping your blood vessel walls clear of calcium accumulation. Calcium deposits within blood vessels can lead to an increased risk of heart disease. Although more research needs to be conducted regarding vitamin K2 and its role in the oral cavity, some animal studies have suggested that it may play a role in lowering your risk of developing tooth decay. Vitamin K2 has been found to activate the protein osteocalcin, which is necessary for bone metabolism and the growth of new dentin within your teeth. it works together with vitamin D3 to carry calcium to your teeth and bones for normal absorption. It is also believed that vitamin K2 slows down the rate of tooth loss with age. Some studies have also suggested that vitamin K3 can help lower risk of developing diabetes, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, and lower oxidative stress in the brain related to Alzheimer's disease.

Ultimately, it is important to have a balanced diet, and keep up with a regular oral care routine, by brushing with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day for two minutes each time, flossing, and keeping regular dental appointments.

Feel free to contact Drs. Ali & Ali and the caring team at Wellesley Dental Group if you have any thoughts or concerns; they will be happy to answer your questions! Contact us today at 781-237-9071 or smile@wellesleydentalgroup.com to set up an appointment.

Your little ones and teens are welcome to visit our pediatric dentist, Dr. Derek, and Dr. Emad is happy to help with your TMJ and orthodontic needs. For wisdom teeth extractions or any other oral surgery needs, Dr. Stephens would love to help, and our gum-specialist Dr. Singh can help with your gum-related concerns.

References:

https://www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/basics/nutrition-and-oral-health/what-to-know-about-vitamin-k2-benefits-for-teeth

https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/vitamin-k2#bottom-line

https://askthedentist.com/vitamin-k2-benefits/

healthygums_0.jpg

6a01156e42deab970c013489381d01970c-pi

High Blood Sugar Increases Risk of Heart Disease

October 27th, 2016

To be heart healthy, you not only need to pay attention to your habits, but also your diet!

According to a study published in the journal Nature, scientists discovered that cardiac arrhythmia, a condition that causes irregular heartbeats, is linked to a biological pathway activated by abnormally high levels of blood sugar. This finding explains why diabetes greatly increases the risk for heart disease.

The National Institutes of Health claims that diabetics are four times more likely to have heart disease, and the American Heart Association notes that about 65 percent of the death of diabetics are caused by heart disease or stroke. Therefore, if you have diabetes or high blood sugar levels, make sure to check on your heart health!

Feel free to contact Drs. Ali & Ali and their newest addition to the team, Dr. Zarah Ali, if you have any thoughts or concerns. The caring team at Wellesley Dental Group will be happy to answer your questions! Contact us today at 781-237-9071 or smile@wellesleydentalgroup.com to set up an appointment and consultation.

Your little ones and teens are welcome to visit our pediatric dentist Dr. VanDr. Emad is happy to help with your orthodontic needs. For wisdom teeth extractions or any other periodontal or oral surgery needs, Dr. Ghazi would be more than willing to help.

Resources:

http://s.doctoroz.com/78815991.jpg

http://dentistrytoday.com/news/science-a-medicine/item/60-how-high-blood-sugar-throws-off-heart-rhythm

Early Exposure to Chemicals is Harming Our Youth

September 15th, 2016

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It seems like chemicals are all around us, often showing up in things we use everyday, including cosmetics, household appliances, and plastic bottles. Unfortunately, these chemicals may be causing many health problems. According to recent research presented at the European Congress of Endocrinology, chemicals in plastics may be damaging children's tooth enamel by interfering with hormones that stimulate tooth enamel development. Enamel is one of the hardest substances in the body and it is found on the outer layer of each tooth. It is made up of mainly minerals and serves the purpose of protecting your teeth from plaque and ultimately tooth decay.

Researchers looked at the effects of daily doses of Bisphenol A  (BPA) alone or with Vinclozolin on rats. BPA is chemical commonly found in plastics including water bottles and food containers, and vinclozolin is a common fungicide typically found on raspberries, lettuce, kiwi, and onions. Both BPA and vinclozolin are referred to as endocrine disruptors, which are chemicals that interfere with mammalian hormones. The doses given were similar to those a human would be exposed to daily from birth to 30 days old. Then, researchers took cell samples from the rats’ teeth and found that the expression of genes involved in mineralization (important for tooth enamel) were impaired due to the exposure to BPA and vinclozolin. They concluded that children with developing teeth who are exposed to these chemicals could be at higher risk of having molar incisor hypermineralization (MIH), which can lead to tooth sensitivity and damaged tooth enamel. It is important to note that once tooth enamel is gone, it cannot be replaced!

In addition, researchers analyzed rat ameloblast cells, which deposit enamel during tooth development. They found that sex hormones including estrogen and testosterone helped boost tooth enamel development. However, exposure to BPA and vinclozolin blocked these hormones from functioning properly, which as a result weakened tooth enamel. Leading researcher, Dr. Katia Jedeon stated, "Tooth enamel starts at the third trimester of pregnancy and ends at the age of 5, so minimizing exposure to endocrine disruptors at this stage in life as a precautionary measure would be one way of reducing the risk of enamel weakening.” Further research on other chemicals found in things we commonly use are currently being studied. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) states that many endocrine disruptors have the greatest health threat to individuals during early infant development.

If you have concerns about chemicals impacting you children, your little ones and teens are welcome to visit our pediatric dentist Dr. Van. Dr. Van is a Diplomate of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and is passionate about improving the health of all of his patients.

Feel free to contact Drs. Ali & Ali and their newest addition to the team, Dr. Zarah Ali, if you have any thoughts or concerns. The caring team at Wellesley Dental Group will be happy to answer your questions! Contact us today at 781-237-9071 or smile@wellesleydentalgroup.com to set up an appointment and consultation.

Dr. Emad is happy to help with your orthodontic needs. For wisdom teeth extractions or any other periodontal or oral surgery needs, Dr. Ghazi would be more than willing to help.

References:

http://www.dentalproductsreport.com/dental/article/chemicals-water-bottles-food-containers-may-permanently-damage-childrens-teeth

http://www.medicaldaily.com/plastic-water-bottles-bpa-kids-teeth-dental-enamel-388438

http://www.hindustantimes.com/rf/image_size_800x600/HT/p2/2016/06/01/Pictures/_1542ac3a-27ad-11e6-a271-92fd27615944.jpg

Pumpkin, Spice, and Everything Nice!

October 22nd, 2015

It’s that spooky time of year again! With Halloween around the corner, pumpkins are back in season. Many individuals only think of pumpkins as decorative jack-o’-lanterns and the tasty addition to a thanksgiving dinner. From pumpkin pies to pumpkin spice lattes, the options are endless! However, did you know that these huge orange fruits, as well as the seeds within them contain an abundance of antioxidants, vitamins and minerals? Pumpkins are considered one of nature's top nutritional foods. Pumpkins are a rich source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin B5, essential fatty acids, fiber, potassium, magnesium, zinc, and iron. Not only do these nutrients help protect skin and fight off disease, but they also help prevent cavities and tooth decay!

It is important to remember that a healthy diet is essential in maintaining a healthy mouth and body. Luckily, pumpkin seeds make great nutritional snacks! Pumpkin seeds do not require refrigeration and are easy to pack in your child's lunchbox or throw in a Ziploc bag.

In addition to keeping your teeth strong and healthy, here are few reasons you should indulge in the delicious taste of pumpkin throughout the year:

Pumpkins keep your skin youthful.

Pumpkins are rich in Vitamin A, which helps increase the rate of cell renewal and the production of collagen to keep your skin smooth and soft. In addition, pumpkins are packed with essential fatty acids that help diminish wrinkles. Vitamin E and Beta-carotenes found in pumpkins also helps promotes skin health.

Pumpkins defend against disease.

According to the National Cancer Institute, it is estimated that up to 30 percent of all cancers can be prevented by a healthy diet, including a diet that's rich in carotene. Merely a 1/2 cup serving of pumpkin fulfills the recommended intake of alpha-carotene and beta-carotene!

Pumpkins aid vision and provide UV protection.

Similar to carrots, the beta-carotenes gives pumpkin its' bright orange color, as well as protection against sun damage. Further, according to the National Institutes of Health, a cup of cooked pumpkin has more than 200 percent of the recommended daily intake of Vitamin A, which aids vision.

Pumpkins can help you process information more efficiently. 

Zinc and omega-3 fatty acids found in pumpkins can help promote healthy bone density and even sharpen your brain skills.

Pumpkins aid weight loss.

Pumpkins are rich in fiber and low in calories! Fiber helps aid gastrointestinal health, weight-loss, and balanced cholesterol levels.

Pumpkins may reduce the risk of cancer.

According to the National Cancer Institute, a diet rich in foods containing the antioxidant beta-carotene may play a role in cancer prevention and protect against heart disease.

Pumpkins can help refuel your body after exercise.

Like bananas, a cup of cooked pumpkin contains an ample amount of potassium, which helps restore electrolytes after a hard workout and keeps your muscles operating efficiently.

As you carve your pumpkin, keep the insides and the seeds for a nutritious treat! Eating pumpkin seeds is an easy way to consume many nutrients vital to your overall health. Even though fresh pumpkins are in season in the fall, freezing pumpkin seeds or purchasing canned pumpkin or pumpkin seed oil is a good alternative for enjoying pumpkin throughout the year.

Don't forget, our Annual Candy Drive is shortly after Halloween! Make sure that your school is involved for a chance to win a grand prize of $1000 for your school's PTO. At our office (5 Seaward, Wellesley) we are collecting candy donations and hand-written cards for the troops from Nov. 1-Nov.5th. Please join us Nov. 5th at 10AM at the office for our big kickoff event. We're so excited, as this year's drive is bigger and better!

For more info on the Candy Drive and photos from previous events, like our Facebook page.

Feel free to contact Drs. Ali & Ali and the caring team at Wellesley Dental Group if you have any thoughts or concerns; they will be happy to answer your questions! Contact us today at 781-237-9071 or smile@wellesleydentalgroup.com to set up an appointment and consultation.

Your little ones and teens are welcome to visit our pediatric dentist Dr. VanDr. Emad is happy to help with your orthodontic needs. For wisdom teeth extractions or any other oral surgery needs Dr. Ghazi would be more than willing to help.

References:

http://www.completelyyou.com/feature/food/pumpkin_health_benefits/index.html#.VDwYg144LSP

http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2013/09/30/pumpkin-seed-benefits.aspx

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/09/04/pumpkin-health-benefits_n_1936919.html

http://urbanext.illinois.edu/pumpkins/nutrition.cfm

http://dianadishes.files.wordpress.com/2012/10/garlic-worcestershire-pumpkin-seeds-1280x857.jpg

 

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