Oral tissue

Gum Disease Doesn't Just Affect Your Gums!

August 3rd, 2016

What do Arthritis, Alzheimer's, cancer, and diabetes have in common? If you have periodontal (gum) disease, your risk for all these diseases could increase.

People once thought that the mouth and the body had no relation each other, and dental care used to be the job of barbers in the Middle Ages! It wasn't until the 1700's that dentistry was finally recognized as its own science and the late 1990's that the connection between oral bacteria and heart disease was studied in animals.

When you don't brush or floss thoroughly, bacteria can become trapped between your teeth and your gums. This can cause plaque to accumulate, which can eventually lead to the break down of the gums and oral tissue and make other parts of the body prone to infection.

Preventing the buildup of plaque from reaching oxygen will cause it to favor anaerobic (without oxygen) bacteria, which can travel all throughout the body through the bloodstream.

When neutrophils (white blood cells) attempt to destroy the bacteria on the gums, they not only don't succeed in controlling the infection, but they also release enzymes that further deteriorate oral tissue.

Therefore, periodontal disease affects more than just your oral health; it could also affect the heart, the liver, the gut, and even your child if you're pregnant. Some studies have also shown a link between gum disease and increased bacteria in the brain and increased risk for tumors.

Make sure to take proper care of your teeth. Your body will thank you later!

Feel free to contact Drs. Ali & Ali and their newest addition to the team, Dr. Zarah Ali, if you have any thoughts or concerns. The caring team at Wellesley Dental Group will be happy to answer your questions! Contact us today at 781-237-9071 or smile@wellesleydentalgroup.com to set up an appointment and consultation.

Your little ones and teens are welcome to visit our pediatric dentist Dr. VanDr. Emad is happy to help with your orthodontic needs. For wisdom teeth extractions or any other periodontal or oral surgery needs, Dr. Ghazi would be more than willing to help.

References:

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/gum-disease-opens-body-host-infections

https://www.sciencenews.org/sites/default/files/2016/04/041616_gum_flowchart_730.png

http://newteethforme.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/gum-disease.jpg

Immune Cells: Potential Warriors In the Battle Against Gum Disease

November 22nd, 2013

perio diseasePeriodontal disease is one of the most prevalent oral diseases, affecting 78 million people in the United States. Periodontal disease (also known as gum disease) can range from gum inflammation to serious disease results in severe damage of the soft tissue and bones that support the teeth. While this oral disease remains an issue at large, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh may have found an innovative way to keep this disease at bay. They have discovered that certain immune system cells can be brought right to the inflamed tissues, resulting in effective treatment.

 

When dentists see that patients have symptoms of periodontal disease, the usual recommendation is proper oral hygiene. Through daily brushing and flossing, one is able to prevent plaque and eventually tartar from forming near the gum line.  These strategies aim to keep the growth of oral bacteria at bay. Dr. Charles Sfeir, the director of the Center Regeneration at the University’s School of Dental Medicine notes that these are ways to keep the bacteria from triggering sever inflammation in the oral cavity; however, there needs to be a method to prevent the underlying problem, which is the overreaction of the immune system that results in an adverse response to oral bacteria.

 

Within a healthy mouth, there is a response system between the immune system and bacteria that prevents infection without starting up inflammation. However, when there is too much bacteria in the oral cavity (due to lack maintenance of oral health), the immune system is on overdrive, leading to harmful consequences on oral tissues. The scientists have discovered that these disease tissues are low on a group of immune cells called the regulatory T-cells, which is responsible for informing immune cells to stand down, stopping the inflammatory response. These researchers believe that when more of these regulatory T-cells are brought back to the gums, the inflammatory response will be contained. The researchers are on their way in developing new technology that can deliver these immune cells to where they are lacking. With this new system, perhaps inflammation, thus periodontal disease may potentially be kept at bay.  If you have any more questions, feel free to contact Drs. Ali & Ali and the caring team at Wellesley Dental Group ; they will be happy to answer your questions! Contact us today at 781-237-9071 or smile@wellesleydentalgroup.com

 

References:

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/11/131101112412.htm

 

http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/GumDiseases/PeriodontalGumDisease.htm

 

http://www.yurovskydental.com/periodontaldisease.php

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